Reading is the foundation of learning and is the cornerstone of success in other subjects like science and math. There are several strategies and skill components to reading that a child must learn in order to become an effective reader.
Reading starts when a child learns the letters of the alphabet and distinguishes differences in sounds and words, or phonemic awareness. For a student to read effectively, there are twelve phonics skills that must be mastered.
Children must also build a solid sight vocabulary. The ability to instantly recognize frequently used words such as “house”, “thank” and “said” helps children increase accuracy and fluency in reading. Once a child is able to recognize words by sight, he or she can concentrate on building vocabulary skills by understanding words in conversation and learning new words while reading.
Comprehension, the ability to derive meaning from what we read, is learned by practicing finding information, getting the main idea, detecting the sequence and drawing conclusions.
Mastery and application of phonics, vocabulary and comprehension skills will enable a child’s success in any curriculum area.
Grade equivalent skills to be mastered by the end of a reading program:
- Phonics Skills
- Sight Words
- Receptive Vocabulary
- Functional Vocabulary
- Reading Rate